Comparative analysis of core courses in the field of general management of world leading universities
The most prestigious universities where realized educational programs for the training of public managers, which include courses in the field of politics, economics, management and law were analyzed.
The characteristics of the educational process in above mentioned schools:
1. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
A distinctive feature of the school is the variety of core and 131elective courses in such areas as economics, politics, geopolitics, governance, ethics, finance, law, psychology.
Specialists with extensive practical experience in relevant areas are invited as professors instead of scientific scholars.
On the one hand, students receive all the necessary practical skills during their studies.
On the other hand, the specialists passes detailed skills of their subject without a systematic assessment of the economic environment. As a result, university graduates can be a good experts in a particular area, but do not possess the understanding of the system.
Subjects of business planning at the firm level are among the offered courses. As for educated program for studies of methods of the State level centralized planning in Kennedy School they are not provided.
2. Department of International Planning Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Students of this program, in particular, study such subjects as economic planning, planning and institutional processes in developing countries, institutional approaches to planning and others.
Great importance is attached to the study of the planning development of different cities, the city's infrastructure, housing development and program for urban environmental control.
However, planning without knowing the methodology of the International input-output tables transformed in- fact into a political demagogy and does not give practical results.
3. School for International Development at Oxford University.
Academic program consists of "core courses", "Advanced" and " courses of specialization".
Core Courses include basic economic, historical, political, sociological disciplines and research methods studying by students.
As part of further specialization postgraduate students can choose theoretical studies (in the field of "theory of development"), and practical studying international relation and international development.
"Advanced" courses include familiarity with economic systems, history and politics of different countries and regions of the world.
In general, the Department for International Development provides a quality education that enables students to be accepted on high positions. The lack of economic planning specialization does not allow graduates to see the structural imbalances in the economy and make them a conservative "guardians of the system."
4. School of Public Policy, University of Tokyo.
Training takes place on 3 main "clusters" disciplines: law, politics and economics. These blocks consist of core courses that are required for all, and elective "advanced" courses.
Structure of the academic program is characterized by systemic approach. In the United States similar program focuses on an applied specialization. At the same time the academic program allows students to choose any subjects or courses at their own request .
The training program has one significant drawback - a most of economic courses reproduces Anglo-American standards whereas the study of the national economy is given not enough time. Economic and strategic planning is marginal, according to the Anglo-American economic theory, that’s why these disciplines in academic program are not represented and are not studying by students.